WHAT IS EXCIMER LASER TREATMENT AND TO WHOM

It is the most common treatment method used in the treatment of Hyperopia, Myopia and Astigmatism.
Lasik method is the most frequently applied method. In this method, a thin layer is applied on the upper surface of the cornea.
is cut and lifted in the form of a lid, and Excimer laser is applied to the underlying corneal surface.
refractive error (Myopia, Hyperopia, Astigmatism) is corrected. Corneal incision with femtosecond laser (ILASIK)
or microkeratome. This method is performed with drop anesthesia and is not painful. It
No needles or stitches are used in the surgery.
Apart from the Lasik method, there are also SMİLE, PRK, NO TOUCH and LASEK methods.
PRK: By scraping the epithelial layer, which is the uppermost cell membrane of the cornea, without lifting the flap.
is the application of the laser after removal.
LASEK: Lifting the epithelial layer like a flap with the help of alcohol and lasering the surface underneath
is spread again after being applied.
NO TOUCH: It is applied directly on the cornea without touching the eye. It is an alternative method to PRK.
In these three methods, severe pain, burning, stinging and watering occur 2-3 days after the operation.
To whom laser treatment is applied.
Those who are over 18 years old and those whose eyeglasses have not changed more than 0.50 diopters in the last 1 year.
Those with myopia up to -9.0 diopters and those with hyperopia and astigmatism up to -5.
Those who have sufficient corneal thickness, those who do not have systemic diseases such as diabetes, rheumatism,
those who do not have any other disease (such as keratoconus, cataract glaucoma).
Preoperative examination, which is important in excimer laser treatment, is whether the eye is suitable for surgery.
is to decide it isn’t. Therefore, pre-operative examinations and tests are important.
The patient’s eye numbers are determined during the examination. , corneal thickness is measured, corneal map is drawn and
a comprehensive eye examination is performed. Eye pressure is measured, tear test is done, pupil
is expanded and the anterior segment and retinal layer are checked with biomicroscopic examination. It
If no pathological findings are found as a result of the examinations, the decision for surgery is taken.

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