What causes conjunctivitis? How does it go? Symptoms and treatment


conjunctivitis It is an allergic disease that appears especially in the spring months. People with conjunctivitis have difficulty looking at light and may experience problems such as tearing, red eyes, and puffy eyes. Since it is a contagious disease, it is very important to treat it and a simple conjunctivitis can be easily treated at home. However, if you observe symptoms such as a change in your vision other than blurring, severe pain in the eye, pain that prevents blinking, too much sensitivity to light, difficulty focusing, you should see a doctor immediately and seek medical help.

What is conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis, also known as conjunctivitisis a chronic eye condition caused by inflammation of the cornea of ​​the eye. In conjunctivitis, the eye may become red, irritated, teary, or swollen. The disease can be caused by allergies, irritation or infection and is highly contagious.

It is usually a benign disease, but sometimes it can become serious. It can sometimes be difficult to identify the cause of conjunctivitis, which has three different types: bacterial, viral and allergic. In the diagnosis, the specific symptoms of each form are examined. Adults are mostly caused by viral conjunctivitis, while children and the elderly are more likely to have bacterial causes of conjunctivitis.

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What causes conjunctivitis?

  • bacterial conjunctivitis It is usually seen in people who wear contact lenses as a result of lens wear or the use of wrong eye drops, eye ointments.
  • viral conjunctivitis Adenoviral conjunctivitis, which accounts for 65% – 90%, is highly contagious. The cause of adenovirus, which can be mild or severe, is usually transmitted through the respiratory tract. Symptoms of adenoviral conjunctivitis usually start in one eye first and spread to the other eye a few days later. It is usually seen in individuals with upper respiratory tract infections or in close contact with someone who has had conjunctivitis. Viral conjunctivitis can last for 4 to 6 weeks and may get worse before it gets better.
  • Eye infection in newborns, irritation or blocked tear ducts can cause conjunctivitis. Sometimes bacteria or virus transmitted from the mother during birth can also cause bacterial conjunctivitis in the baby. A doctor should be consulted when symptoms of conjunctivitis begin to appear, which can even cause blindness if not treated properly.

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Bacterial conjunctivitis can be caused by contact lens

  • allergic conjunctivitisSymptoms of shingles usually vary depending on the allergen. While pollen allergies, also known as hay fever, are seen only from spring to autumn, allergy to dust can manifest itself at any time. Eye dropAllergy to the skin affects the eyelids and causes dryness of the eyes.

conjunctivitis symptoms

Symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis

  • mild discomfort in the eye, burning sensation,
  • eye discharge,
  • Mild sensitivity to light (photophobia)
  • eye inflammation,

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Symptoms of adenoviral conjunctivitis

  • Watery and mucous discharge, which first appears in one eye and spreads to the other eye after a few days,
  • Burning in the eye, feeling that there is a foreign body,
  • eye bleeding,
  • Intense redness and irritation in the eye,
  • Often eyelid redness and edema,
  • intense sensitivity to light,

Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis

  • Eye itching and discharge
  • Symptoms are relieved in the evening and become more pronounced in the morning
  • Sneeze
  • Runny Nose

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What problems can conjunctivitis cause?

Conjunctivitis is actually a mild disease and heals in a maximum of 6 weeks. In some cases, especially in patients with allergic conjunctivitis, problems such as not staying away from allergens, poor personal care and cleaning, decreased immunity can cause problems such as excessive dryness of the eye, dryness of the tear duct, bleeding in the eye capillaries, inflammation in the eye.

Conjunctivitis, which causes blindness in infants and advanced cases, should not be neglected, an ophthalmologist should be consulted as soon as a problem is noticed.

How is conjunctivitis treated?

Most infective conjunctivitis attacks go away in about 1 week. As long as this situation does not progress, a lot of medical help is not needed. The bacteria in the tears will fight the germs and promote self-healing. only in rare cases antibioticmay be needed.

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Simple conjunctivitis can be alleviated with some practices at home. Washing the eyes in plenty of warm water, not being exposed to too much cold, regularly changing your face towel and pillow are among these practices.

If symptoms do not decrease during the end of the disease or if symptoms such as light sensitivity, spots or blisters appear on the skin, a doctor should be consulted immediately. While conjunctivitis is a mild and usually self-limiting disease, infections such as herpes or chlamydia persist for much longer, cause more serious problems and require special treatment under the supervision of a doctor.

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conjunctivitis treatment

Simple cases of conjunctivitis do not need treatment. With the help of herbal and small solutions that can be made at home, such cases can be alleviated and easily passed. In more advanced cases, the use of antibiotics, solution, ointment or drops to be applied under the supervision of a doctor may be necessary during the progression of the disease.

Allergic conjunctivitis treatment

First of all, it is necessary to get away from the object or environment that causes allergies. Cold compresses and artificial tear drops can relieve discomfort in mild cases. In more serious cases, it may be necessary to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antihistamines. Topical steroid eye drops can also be used in people with persistent allergic conjunctivitis.

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Conjunctivitis is a highly contagious disease.

Bacterial conjunctivitis treatment

This type is usually treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointments. Bacterial conjunctivitis may improve after three or four days of treatment, but it is extremely important that patients complete their antibiotic treatment to prevent recurrence.

Treatment of adenoviral eye infection

Adenoviral conjunctivitis resolves spontaneously within 2 to 4 weeks. With the help of artificial tears and other cold compresses, you can relieve symptoms and overcome the disease more easily. In order to prevent the spread of contagious viral conjunctivitis, it is extremely important to wash hands frequently, keep them out of sight, and not share products that require face contact with others.

Contact lens wearers should stop using contact lenses until the disease is completely gone.

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Treatment of conjunctivitis in pregnant and infants

The course of treatment for conjunctivitis in pregnant women and babies is completely different. Do not forget to give this information to your doctor if you are pregnant or if there is such a possibility, as some antibiotics and drops given by doctors are not suitable for use by pregnant patients.

Conjunctivitis in infants is very dangerous and can progress to blindness if left untreated. Therefore, as soon as any symptom is seen, a doctor should be consulted urgently and treatment should be started quickly.

What is good for conjunctivitis?

  • Cold and warm compresses help reduce itching and swelling in the eye.
  • Black tea, as well as reduce the redness of the eye inflammation it also dries.
  • Saline solution is a natural home-made disinfectantis. Washing contact lenses and the eye with saline will help clean the eye.
  • The mixture of warm milk and honey relieves conjunctivitis.
  • Aloe verahelps stop bleeding. Thanks to its antibiotic properties, it provides natural relief of conjunctivitis.
  • apple cider vinegar On the other hand, it cleans the infection in the eye due to conjunctivitis.
  • Boric acid, when applied in an appropriate amount, reduces redness, burning sensation, dryness and eye discharge.

What is apple cider vinegar good for? What are the benefits, how is it used?

  • raw potatoes, it takes the puffiness of the eye.
  • Eyegrass is a complete antibacterial. Eye herb used in bloodshot and inflamed eyes also dries out the discharge from the eye: Boil 1 cup of eye herb and 1 cup of water for 10 minutes. After cooling, make an eyewash with this mixture. See:>>> pinkeye


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