WHAT IS TENSION? WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood flowing through the veins to the vessel walls during circulation. The heart constantly works like a pump, allowing blood to circulate throughout the body through the veins.
Hypertension (high blood pressure), on the other hand, is the situation in which the blood pressure is permanently above the values considered normal for the individual.
Hypertension is a serious but insidious condition that threatens human health. High blood pressure itself is not a disease, but one of the consequences of certain diseases that develop in the body. However, after high blood pressure develops, it is the main cause of many diseases.
The expected life expectancy of an untreated hypertensive patient after the establishment of hypertension is 20 years. However, people who have been treated for hypertension and its main disease can reach the life span of a normal person. Blood pressure is a parameter that is affected by physical conditions such as rest and effort, as well as individual characteristics such as age, gender, and race. Therefore, it is actually quite difficult to determine normal blood pressure values. Since normal blood pressure values are given within wide ranges and blood pressure varies in humans (also in animals according to species, race and sex), it is difficult to clearly say which value is hypertensive.
The increase in blood pressure caused by stress and anxiety is a factor that can cause an increase in blood pressure not only in humans but also in our animal friends, pets. However, it is not known exactly to what extent stress creates this effect and after which point it becomes pathological. For this reason, this factor should be taken into consideration when evaluating blood pressure and it should be determined by taking the average after it has been measured at least 3 times.
As it is known, the blood pressure value determined during the contraction of the heart (systole) is called “systolic blood pressure”. Systolic blood pressure is popularly known as “High blood pressure”. The blood pressure value determined during the relaxation period of the heart called diastole is called “Diastolic pressure”. Diastolic pressure is also known as “Low blood pressure” among the people. Blood pressure values are measured in mm/Mercury. First the systolic value, then the diastolic one by drawing a fraction line, and then the mm./Mercury value is written.
Hypertension, 145/95 mm of blood pressure. The mercury is above the pressure. Essential hypertension is the most common type; It is common in obese, introverted people living in big cities.